It refers to the handling of the information that the mind performs; all the data have any of these presentations.
- The FIGURATIVE content is direct information, without interpretations; The subjects that, above all, have this content are plastic arts, technology, sports or physical education.
- The SYMBOLIC content refers to the relationship of a data captured directly with another that is the determinant. The subjects that are mostly of this content are mathematics, physics, chemistry, music; in daily life, the interpretation of traffic signs depends on the knowledge of the symbols.
- The SEMANTIC content implies the handling of the meaning of a word or message, it includes different levels of interpretation and for that reason, different people can reach different conclusions about the same message.
* The subjects that mainly depend on this content are extensive reading, history, philosophy and all humanistic areas. These graphs are also useful for career guidance.
In this diagnosis, the vision is evaluated because of its high impact on learning.
There is a difference between “sight” and “vision.” Sight is the physical response of the eye to light, and we are usually born with it. Vision is the way the brain processes the information captured by sight. According to this difference, the human being needs to learn to convert the data obtained by the view into learning.
The most critical visual skills are:
- The eyemovement on a reading or writing material (the technical name is saccadic movement): this resource promotes a fluent reading, without skipping letters or lines
- The Binocularity: teamwork of the two eyes that make a fusion of the words on paper.
- The accommodative FLEXIBILITY: change of focus near-far.
Usually, the body position is a reliable indicator of visual abilities: arrhythmic, slow or inaccurate reading reflects eye movement problems; the inclined head when interpretation manifests a problem in the binocularity and the excessive closeness of the head on the paper shows poor accommodative flexibility.
These skills are not necessarily related to ocular health problems such as myopia or astigmatism; but if the student suffers these, they will inevitably negatively affect visual abilities. Finally, it is necessary to consider that 80% of the information processed by the human brain enters through vision; hence the great importance of taking cares of its efficient functioning.
Reading is the tool that, by itself, guarantees lifelong learning. Most academic problems have a direct relationship with difficulties in reading or language since all are transmitted by this means.
There are two groups of reading skills:
- Preparation for reading or mechanical reading: when these skills work efficiently, the person reads fluently, punctuation, cadence and without excessive physical fatigue.
- Conceptualization or reading comprehension: in this case, the person captures the meaning of reading, mainly when it contains concepts or abstract vocabulary.